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    Host Defense Information

    Paleo Pumpkin Spice Blondies with Salted Maca Crunch Primordial Chocolate™

    Paleo Pumpkin Spice Blondies with Salted Maca Crunch Primordial Chocolate™

    Your favorite fall flavors, featuring a boost of superfood mushroom mycelium thanks to Host Defense® Primordial Chocolates™  

    Ingredients:

    • 1 ¼ cup almond flour
    • ¾ cup coconut sugar
    • ¼ cup pumpkin puree
    • 1-2 tablespoons chia seeds (adjust according to preference)
    • 1 teaspoon baking powder
    • 1 tablespoon pumpkin pie seasoning
    • ½ cup almond butter
    • ¼ cup coconut oil (melted)
    • 1 large egg
    • 1 tablespoon vanilla extract
    • 1-2 bars (1.4-2.8 oz.) of Host Defense® Salted Maca Crunch Primordial Chocolate™

    Directions:

    1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees and (lightly!) coat an 8”x8” glass baking pan with coconut oil.
    2. While oven is preheating, mix all dry ingredients together.
    3. Add egg and coconut oil to dry ingredients and mix until smooth.
    4. Add almond butter, vanilla extract, and pumpkin puree to batter and mix.
    5. Cut Host Defense® Salted Maca Crunch Primordial Chocolate™ into small chunks and add to batter. Mix well until chocolate is thoroughly worked into batter.
    6. Pour batter into pan. Batter will be thick, so ensure you work it to the edges of the pan and spread evenly.
    7. Bake for 20-25 minutes, or until golden brown.
    8. Let cool, cut into squares, and enjoy!

    Groundbreaking Research Gives Hope to Bees

    Groundbreaking Research Gives Hope to Bees

    Collaborative research between Host Defense's team and Washington State University has been published in Nature’s Scientific Reports! Mycelium extracts of polypore mushrooms (Reishi and Amadou) have been shown to confer an immune benefit to bees. This research provides an actionable solution against the stressors threatening bee populations and, in turn, food biosecurity around the world. We’re proud to continue our work in the field of applied mycology to help people and planet.

    Join our "Save the Bees" mailing list by emailing bee@fungi.com.

    Bees urgently need our help.

    Please join us in this global effort and learn how you can take action.  

    Our Delivery Methods: Capsules & Extracts

    Our Delivery Methods: Capsules & Extracts

    Host Defense Delivery Methods: Capsules & ExtractsHost Defense offers delivery method options to best match your lifestyle needs. Host Defense Capsules work well for daily convenience. If you’re seeking rapid absorption by the digestive system, then Host Defense extracts may be the way to go.

    capsules

    Host Defense mushroom capsules are made with Certified Organic, non-GMO mushroom mycelium / fruitbodies, encased in a plant-based capsule made from pullulan—a non-GMO, naturally-fermented polysaccharide polymer. Pullulan is starch-free, gluten-free, and preservative-free, and helps protect mushroom material against oxidation.

    extracts

    Host Defense Capsules & ExtractsHost Defense liquid mushroom extracts are made with U.S.A. grown and processed Certified Organic mushroom mycelium and fruitbodies. Most other brands use only hot-water extraction, which leaves out many valuable constituents.

    Host Defense extracts utilize Paul Stamets’ comprehensive Double and Triple Extraction Methods:

    1. Hot Water

    Certified organic fruitbodies of Reishi, Maitake, Turkey Tail, Lion’s Mane and Shiitake are hot-water extracted to pull out polysaccharides (e.g. beta-glucans, glycoproteins, and other high-molecular weight compounds).

    2. Ethanol

    Mycelium and fruitbodies are extracted with certified organic ethanol, which isolates antioxidants (e.g. terpenes, triterpenoids, inositols, ergosterols, sterols and myco-flavonoids).

    3. Cold Water

    Pure, filtered water is used to extract extracellular metabolites from the living mycelium within the temperature range at which the fungi’s native immune systems are most active.


    For educational purposes only. © 2017 Paul E. Stamets and Fungi Perfecti, LLC, All rights reserved.

    Should You Consume Raw Mushrooms?

    Should You Consume Raw Mushrooms?

    With the increased use of mushroom products, I feel a personal responsibility to inform the public about safety issues regarding mushroom preparations. Misleading marketing causes consumer confusion, risk, and damage to our industry, which is always under scrutiny. At Host Defense we are dedicated to providing the best, evidence-based, scientific information concerning safety and optimum use of mushrooms for health benefits.

    Should you consume raw mushrooms and/or mushroom mycelium?

    • No, absolutely not! Raw mushrooms are largely indigestible because of their tough cell walls, mainly composed of chitin.
    • Dr. Andrew Weil advises, in agreement with other experts, that mushrooms must be cooked! “Mushrooms have very tough cell walls and are essentially indigestible if you don't cook them. Thoroughly heating them releases the nutrients they contain, including protein, B vitamins, and minerals, as well as a wide range of novel compounds not found in other foods,” (Prevention, Feb 1, 2013).
    • Raw mushrooms and raw mycelium may pose health hazards from harmful pathogens and heat-sensitive toxins—potentially causing red blood cell damage1, gastrointestinal irritation and allergic reactions, such as skin rashes2.

    How can one safely use mushrooms?

    • By consuming mushrooms or mushroom products that have been cooked, or heat-treated.*
    • Proper heat treatment denatures toxins, softens fungal tissues, and allows our natural digestive enzymes to access and utilize the inherent benefits of both culinary mushrooms and mushroom supplements: Edible mushrooms should be tenderized by heating to at least 140 ˚F —over many hours— more preferably over 180˚F, most preferably above 200 ˚F to release their nutrients and render them digestible and safe.3

    Are Host Defense® Mushrooms raw or cooked?
    Host Defense® encapsulated products have been heated to proper temperature levels to maximize nutritional benefit and safety. Our process includes:

    • Growing mycelium (the root-like life stage) on Certified Organic, cooked, and sterilized brown rice.
    • At peak performance, we harvest and immediately freeze-dry material, to preserve nutrients and prevent oxidation. (Air-drying, a cheaper and inferior processing method, does not achieve maximum constituent levels nor reduce toxin levels, and is vulnerable to contamination and oxidation.)4
    • We heat-treat the mushroom mass after freeze-drying, to activate and unlock the nutritional compounds and ensure their bioavailability. Host Defense products are assayed a minimum of four times for quality and purity.

    Thank you for your continued support on the path to help people and planet.

    1Shibata, T., M. Kudou, Y. Hoshi, A. Kudo, N. Nanashima, K. Miyairi, 2010. “Isolation and characterization of a novel two-component hemolysin, erylysin A and B, from an edible mushroom, Pleurotus eryngii.” Toxicon 56: 1436–1442.

    2Kopp, T., P. Mastan, N. Mothes, S. Tzaneva, G. Stingl, A. Tanew, 2009. “Systemic allergic contact dermatitis due to consumption of raw shiitake mushroom.”Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 34: e910–e913.

    3Choi Y., S.M. Lee, J. Chun, H.B. Lee, J. Lee, 2006. “Influence of heat treatment on the antioxidant activities and polyphenolic compounds of Shiitake (Lentinus edodes) mushroom.” Food Chemistry 99(2): 381–387. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.08.004.

    4Ma, L., H. Chen, W. Zhu, Z. Wang, 2013. “Effect of different drying methods on physicochemical properties and antioxidant activities of polysaccharides extracted from mushroom Inonotus obliquus.” Food Research International 50:633-640.

    Immune Benefits of Mushroom Mycelium & Cultured Substrate Confirmed*

    Immune Benefits of Mushroom Mycelium & Cultured Substrate Confirmed*

    Scientists demonstrate significant health benefits of Host Defense mycelium & cultured rice.*

    In 2017, Paul Stamets and his team at Fungi Perfecti, LLC (FP) have partnered with Natural Immune Systems, Inc. (NIS) to further clarify the immune-enhancing impacts of various mushroom ingredients. NIS Labs specializes in bio-relevant assays, integrating their laboratory and clinical facilities to evaluate how natural products impact human physiology. Together, NIS Labs and FP are uncovering some remarkable truths about mushroom ingredients used in the supplement industry.

    To check for activation of various immune factors, three Host Defense® brand products were put to the test: MyCommunity® capsulesReishi mycelium capsules and Agarikon mycelium capsules.

    Testing by NIS Labs confirmed that these three mycelium-centered products:

    • increase innate immune cells for protection*
    • activate white blood cells for immune strength*
    • regulate immune cell compounds for a balanced immune response.*

    A separate research effort by FP and NIS Labs sought to understand the immune impact of organic brown rice substrate after being cultured by Turkey Tail (Trametes versicolor) mushroom mycelium.

    As mushroom mycelium grows through brown rice, it produces a near-inseparable matrix of mycelium and enzymatically-converted material. Utilizing an expensive and time-consuming laboratory process, researchers were able to separate pure Turkey Tail mycelium from the cultured rice substrate.

    Testing verified both the mycelium and the cultured rice substrate as immunologically active.* Furthermore, the mycelium and the cultured rice substrate are active in different ways, each conferring unique and complimentary immune benefits.*

    By contrast, the same immune assays were performed on organic brown rice substrate that was not cultured by mushroom mycelium. With the plain, uncultured rice, no significant immune activity was detected.

    This data definitively demonstrates that cultured mycelium on organic brown rice is extraordinarily active in supporting immunity.*

    Figure 1

    Figure 2

    Consumers should keep in mind that it is not possible to separate mushroom mycelium from its grain substrate under normal circumstances. Similar to yogurt, in which beneficial bacteria like Lactobacillus cultures milk, these two nutrient sources exist as a living, interconnected matrix. Alongside the pure mycelium, the cultured rice substrate becomes a new, integrated functional food providing complete and effective support for immune function.*

    Some vendors in the mushroom supplement space deceptively argue that mycelium grown on a grain substrate is not useful for consumers and that only mushroom fruitbodies are valuable in supporting health. These claims contradict hundreds of articles published in the scientific literature demonstrating the health-enhancing value of mushroom mycelium grown on grain substrates such as organic brown rice, including a NIH funded study confirming the immunologically supporting activity of Host Defense Turkey Tail mycelium capsules.*

    Paul Stamets notes, “In my scientific opinion, mushroom products not incorporating mycelium are at a decided disadvantage, given the results of recent research.”

    Ongoing research efforts by Fungi Perfecti and NIS Labs are further demonstrating the profound value of mushroom mycelium. Several papers are in preparation for publication in peer-reviewed immunological journals.

    Paul Stamets & Fungi Perfecti, LLC: 

    Founder, owner and Director of Research of Fungi Perfecti, Paul Stamets, D.Sc. has been recognized for decades as a leading innovator in the field of mycology, with a focus on revealing the health-supporting properties of mushrooms. As a renowned researcher and author of six books, Stamets’ Host Defense mushroom formulations have long been the most sought-after and highly valued within the dietary supplement industry.

    Host Defense Mushrooms

    Host Defense Mushrooms

    PO BOX 7634 • OLYMPIA, WA 98507 • USA  •  HOURS OF OPERATION: Monday–Friday 8:30am–4:30pm PST
    Toll-Free: (877) 504-MYCO (6926) • Phone: (360) 427-4561  •  Fax: (360) 426-6584 • email: order@hostdefense.com

    *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. For educational purposes only.